The New Mexico State University and it's Chile Pepper
Institute has this to say regarding the the nutritional and vitamin value of
Importance: Builds and maintains bones and teeth; regulates heart rhythm; eases insomnia; helps regulate the passage of nutrients in &
out of the cell walls; assists in normal blood clotting; helps maintain proper nerve and muscle function; lowers blood pressure; important
to normal kidney function and in current medical research reduces the incidence of colon cancer, and reduces blood cholesterol levels.
Deficiency Symptoms: May result in arm and leg muscles spasms, softening of bones, back and leg cramps, brittle bones, rickets, poor
growth, osteoporosis ( a deterioration of the bones), tooth decay, depression.
Importance: Its major function is to combine with protein and copper in making hemoglobin. Hemoglobin transports oxygen in the blood from
the lungs to the tissues which need oxygen to maintain basic life functions.
Iron builds up the quality of the blood and increases resistance to
stress and disease. It is also necessary for the formation of myoglobin which is
found only in muscle tissue. Myoglobin supplies oxygen to muscle cells
for use in the chemical reaction that results in muscle contraction. Iron also prevent fatigue and promotes good skin tone.
Deficiency Symptoms: May result in weakness, paleness of skin, constipation, anemia.
Importance: Plays an important role in regulating the neuromuscular activity of the heart; maintains normal heart rhythm; necessary for
proper calcium & Vitamin C metabolism; converts blood sugar into energy.
Deficiency Symptoms: May result in calcium depletion, heart spasms nervousness, muscular excitability, confusion; kidney stones.
Importance: Works with calcium to build strong bones and teeth. Helps in metabolism.
Importance: Works with sodium to regulate the body's waste balance and normalize heart rhythms; aids in clear thinking by sending oxygen to
the brain; preserves proper alkalinity of body fluids; stimulates the kidneys to eliminate poisonous body wastes; assists in reducing high
blood pressure; promotes healthy skin.
Deficiency Symptoms: May result in poor reflexes, nervous disorders, respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, muscle damage.
Vitamin C is essential in wound healing and in the formation of collagen, a protein important in the formation of healthy skin, tendons,
bones, and supportive tissues. Deficiency results in defective collagen formation and is marked by joint pains, irritability, growth
retardation, anemia, shortness of breath, and increased susceptibility to infection.
Vitamin A has a direct role in vision and is a component of a pigment present in the retina of the eye. It is essential for the proper
functioning of most body organs and also affects the functioning of the immune system.
Riboflavin or Vitamin B2 is required to complete several reactions in the energy cycle. Reddening of the lips with cracks at the corners of
the mouth, inflammation of the tongue, and a greasy, scaly inflammation of the skin are common symptoms of deficiency.
Niacin or nicotinic acid helps the metabolism of carbohydrates. Prolonged deprivation leads to pellagra, a disease characterized
by skin lesions, gastrointestinal disturbance, and nervous symptoms.
Vitamin B6 is a coenzyme for several enzyme systems involved in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. No human
disease has been found to be caused by a deficiency of this vitamin. Chronic use of large doses of vitamin B6 can create dependency and
cause complications in the peripheral nervous system.
Folate or folic acid is necessary for the synthesis of nucleic acids and the formation of red blood cells. Folic-acid deficiency most commonly
causes folic-acid-deficiency anemia. Symptoms include gastrointestinal problems, such as sore tongue, cracks at the corners of the mouth,
diarrhea, and ulceration of the stomach and intestines. Large doses of folic acid can cause convulsions and other nervous-system
Tryptophan (Essential Amino Acid) a natural relaxant, helps alleviate insomnia by inducing normal sleep;
reduces anxiety & depression; helps in the treatment of migraine headaches; helps the immune system; helps reduce the risk of artery &
heart spasms; works with Lysine in reducing cholesterol levels.
Lysine (Essential Amino Acid) insures the adequate absorption of calcium; helps form collagen
( which makes up bone cartilage & connective tissues); aids in the production of antibodies, hormones & enzymes. Recent
studies have shown that Lysine may be effective against herpes
by improving the balance of nutrients that reduce viral growth. A deficiency may result in tiredness, inability to concentrate,
irritability, bloodshot eyes, retarded growth, hair loss, anemia & reproductive problems.
Phenylalaine (Essential Amino Acid) used by the brain to produce
Norepinephrine, a chemical that transmits signals between nerve cells and the brain; keeps
you awake & alert; reduces hunger pains; functions as an antidepressant and helps improve memory.
This is a reprint from the NMSU Chile Pepper
Institute. NMSU's Chile Pepper Institute,
the renowned Chile experts.